Who are the Adivasis or the Tribals of India?

The indigenous people of India or the tribals or the adivasis, as they are popularly called, make up around 8.6 per cent of the national population. Their number might be exceeding 104 million, which is undoubtedly the largest tribal population in any country. They are mostly concentrated in West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, the North East, as well as parts of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and the Andaman Islands. They are also found in small numbers in other states and UTs.




The status of women in tribal societies is known to be better than that of non-tribal women, although they are also increasingly being oppressed in many ways. Their society is getting influenced by the customs of the Brahminical system and being impacted by globalization, which is destroying their traditional occupations and culture. The sex ratio of the scheduled tribes in India according to the 2011 census showed 990 females per 1000 males while for the general population it was 943; the child sex ratio among them was 957.

But the educational status of tribal women remains lower than that of women of the non-tribal population. So, while the literacy rate among women in India is 64.64 percent, it is much lower for tribal women at 49.35 percent. And, since tribal women are engaged in all kinds of labour, tribal females in the workforce are 43.49 % while the all-India figure is much lower at 25.51%. However, the number of tribal women who are engaged in agricultural work has been steadily declining in the last 10 years due to the impact of globalization, with the tribals losing their land in the name of development.

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Mayank Rai

Hi, My name is Mayank Rai. I found that Blogging is an easiest way to share your knowledge with everyone & learn something new from there. facebook telegram

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