Importance Of Control

The necessity of control in business organisation cannot be over-emphasised. Proper control smoothens the working of an organisation. Absence of control leads to lowering of efficiency of the employees, since there is no check on their performance. Existence of an efficient system of control creates an atmosphere of order and discipline and helps greatly in minimising the chances of work being defective or being delayed. The importance of control function also arises from the following benefits derived from it.


1)     Adjustment in operations: A control system acts as a device for adjustment of organisational operations. There are various objectives which serve as the basis of control. It is through the control function that these objectives are achieved. Control provides the means of determining whether plans are being implemented and there is progress towards the achievement of objectives. It facilitates measures to be taken, if necessary, to correct any deviations.


2)     Managerial responsibility: In every organisation, managerial responsibility is created through assignment of activities to various individuals. This process starts at the top level and then goes to the lower level. While manager assigns work to be carried out by his subordinates, he remains responsible for the performance of their activities. It is quite natural that when a person is responsible for the performance of his subordinates, he must exercise some control over them. Thus, controlling enables managers to discharge their responsibilities.


3)     Psychological effect: The process of control induces individuals towards better performance. The performance of individuals is evaluated in the light of targets set for them. A person is likely to act according to the plan, if he is aware that his performance will be evaluated against the planned targets. Thus, he is more inclined to achieve the results according to the standards fixed for him, particularly when there is provision of reward or punishment on the basis of the performance. Since performance measurement is one of the basic elements of the process, it ensures that every person in the organisation contributes to his maximum ability.


4)     Coordination in action: Though coordination is the essence of management and is achieved through the proper performance of all managerial functions, control affects this aspect significantly. Controls are designed in such a way that they focus not only on the operating responsibility of a manager, but also on his ultimate responsibility. So this forces a manager to coordinate the activities of his subordinate in such a way that each of them contributes positively towards the objectives. Since this follows throughout the organisation, coordination is achieved in the organisation as a whole.


5)     Organisational efficiency and effectiveness: If the control function is carried out properly, it results in organisational efficiency and effectiveness. By making manager responsible, motivating them for higher performance, and achieving coordination in their performance, control ensures that the organisation works efficiently. As regards effectiveness, the organisation is effective if it is able to achieve its objectives. Since control focuses on the achievement of organisational objectives, it necessarily leads to organisational effectiveness.

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