According to Flippo (1980), human resource management is “the planning, organising, directing, and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance, and reproduction of human resources to end that individual, organisational, and societal goals are met”.

According to National Institute of Personnel Management of India (2014), “human resource management is that part of management concerned with people at work and with their relationship within the organisation. It seeks to bring together men and women who make up an enterprise, enabling each to make his own best contribution to its success both as an individual and as a member of working group”.

Dessler (2005), defined HRM as “the process of acquiring, training, appraising, and compensating employees, and of attending to their labour relations, health and safety, and fairness concerns”.

Based on the analysis of above definitions, Human Resource Management is the process of acquisition, utilisation and development, compensations and reward, integration, maintenance, and separation of human resources of an organisation. This definition gives us a base to understand various functions of human resource management.

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